Grafts are techniques of propagation of trees which is used when you cannot get new plants from seeds, cuttings, layering or offshoot. However, this technique can also be useful when you want to subtract the plant to diseases, to thicken the foliage or when you want to replace a variety, or obtain more than one of the same plant.

There are several methods of grafting, then of mechanical applying of an element of a new plant of an existing one, each one is more or less suitable for a specific variety and should be performed in a specific period. Below we provide the overall guidance on certain types of graft, but do not forget to use proper equipment: a sharp knife suitable for grafting, raffia and putty, indispensable for the success as avoid the detachment of the graft and protect the interested part.

Innesto a gemma

Bud or eye

Innesto a spacco inglese

English slit

Innesto a doppio spacco inglese

Double english slit or flap

Innesto per approssimazione

Approximation

Innesto a cavallo

Horse

Innesto a corona

Crown

Innesto a ponte

Bridge

bud or eye

T tuck incision where grafting under the bark, slightly raising the two tabs obtained

May- August

apple, pear, peach, apricot, plum, cherry, citrus, olive trees and rosebushes

patch or stamp

piece of bark with bud applied to a part of equal size in which a piece of bark is removed

May- August

olive, khaki, walnut, medlar, vineyard

flageolet or ring

ring of bark with gem applied to a part of equal size in which the bark is removed

May- August

chestnut and walnut

majorcan or sliver

similar to gem grafting, but on the rootstock, instead of a simple incision is created by a housing

July- September

vineyard, fruit trees

crown (pen or

pike beak)

grafting under the bark in the section of the trunk or a large branch with the help of the engravings T

March- May

citrus, olive, vineyard, fruit trees

omega

cut with grafting machine that creates a perfect joint

September- November

vineyard, rosebushes, fruit trees

triangle

plug shaped triangle applied on a special engraving in the rootstock

January- February

pear, apple, fruit trees

saddle

similar to a triangle, but the graft is etched in the shape of an inverted L

January- February

fruit trees

english slit

joint between graft and rootstock that have the same size

February- March

gorse, rosebushes, clematis, vineyard

double english slit or flap

double joint

January- March

vineyard, chestnut, ornamental and fruit plants

side slit

rootstock miter which is stuck a plug-shaped flap

February- April

fruit trees

end slit

connecting the branches at their ends so that one follows the other

February- March

walnut

slit or wedge

section of a tree trunk or a large branch making a gap in which the grafts are threaded shaped wedge

February- March

citrus, olive trees

horse

slit graft wedge on the rootstock of the same diameter

February- March

rhododendron, fruit trees, vineyard

spur

graft of a branch on the main trunk

February- April

fruit trees

bridge

to repair the damaged bark. Two incisions one above (inverted T) and below (T) the damaged part where insert the graft

June- August

vineyard, fruit trees

approximation

Affect two branches and approach each other by mating the wound. Following the recovery is cut below the graft and the branch of the graft above the junction

April- May

camellia, olive, magnolia, citrus

invigoration

Planting new trees near that to invigorate, inverted T incision near the base of the trunk and put the graft of the new plant will strengthen old.

April- May

fruit trees

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